Urinary retention The onset of heroin's effects depends upon the route of administration.
Lung disease Mental disorders Beyond the harmful consequences for the person with the addiction, drug use can cause serious health problems for others. Some of the more severe consequences of addiction are: Negative effects of drug use while pregnant or breastfeeding: A mother's substance or medication use during pregnancy can cause her baby to go into withdrawal after it's born, which is called neonatal abstinence syndrome NAS.
Symptoms will differ depending on the substance used, but may include tremors, problems with sleeping and feeding, and even seizures.
Ongoing research is exploring if these effects on the brain and behavior extend into the teen years, causing continued developmental problems. In addition, some substances can make their way into a mother's breast milk. Scientists are still learning about long-term effects on a child who is exposed to drugs through breastfeeding.
Negative effects of secondhand smoke: Secondhand tobacco smoke exposes bystanders to at least chemicals that are known to be harmful, particularly to children.
At this point, little research on this question has been conducted. However, a study found that some nonsmoking participants exposed for an hour to high-THC marijuana in an unventilated room reported mild effects of the drug, and another study showed positive urine tests in the hours directly following exposure.
Increased spread of infectious diseases: Injection of drugs accounts for 1 in 10 of cases of HIV. Injection drug use is also a major factor in the spread of hepatitis C, 49 and can be the cause of endocarditis and cellulitis.
Injection drug use is not the only way that drug use contributes to the spread of infectious diseases. Drugs that are misused can cause intoxication, which hinders judgment and increases the chance of risky sexual behaviors. Increased risk of motor vehicle accidents: Use of illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs can make driving a car unsafe—just like driving after drinking alcohol.
Drugged driving puts the driver, passengers, and others who share the road at risk.
Inalmost 12 million people ages 16 or older reported driving under the influence of illicit drugs, including marijuana. Research studies have shown negative effects of marijuana on drivers, including an increase in lane weaving, poor reaction time, and altered attention to the road.
This page was last updated July Contents.Cocaine is a strongly addictive drug. Long-term effects of use can lead to tolerance, high doses and/or more frequent use is needed to attain the same level of pleasure during the initial period of use.
How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System? Most drug tests can detect cocaine in your system for between one and four days. Using the drug regularly increases the amount of time it stays in your body. Negative effects of drug use while pregnant or breastfeeding: A mother's substance or medication use during pregnancy can cause her baby to go into withdrawal after it's born, which is called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
Discrepancies between biological assays and self-report of illicit drug use could undermine epidemiological research findings. Two objectives of the present study are to examine the degree of agreement between self-reported illicit drug use and hair analysis in a community sample of middle-aged men, and to identify factors that may predict discrepancies between self-report and hair testing.
Physical effects of drug addiction vary by drug but are typically seen in all systems of the body. Some of the primary physical effects of drug addiction take place in the brain. Drug addiction changes the way the brain functions and impacts how the body perceives pleasure.
The evidence clearly indicates that long-term marijuana use can lead to addiction, but are there negative consequences? Below is an approximation of this video’s audio content. To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr.
Greger may be referring, watch the above video.