However, the beginnings of anything resembling a professional market for writing in English would not be realized until the s with the founding of other newspapers and magazines like the Philippines Herald inthe Philippine Education Magazine in renamed Philippine Magazine inand later the Manila Tribune, the Graphic, Woman's Outlook, and Woman's Home Journal. Cash incentives were given to writers in when the Free Press started to pay for published contributions and awarded P1, for the best stories. The organization in of the Philippine Writers Association and in of the University of the Philippines National Writers Workshop, which put out the Literary Apprentice, also helped encourage literary production. Inthe Philippine Writers League was put up by politically conscious writers, intensifying their debate with those in the "art for art's sake" school of Villa.
What time span of research will you consider? Choose an area of research that is due for a review. Read the selected articles thoroughly and evaluate them. What methodologies do they use?
Evaluate and synthesize the research findings and conclusions drawn. Note experts in the field: Note conflicting theories, results, methodologies. Organize the selected papers by looking for patterns and by developing sub- topics.
Note things such as: Two or three important trends in the research The most influential theories 6. Develop a working thesis. Write a one- or two-sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject.
If your literature review is extensive, find a large table surface, and on it place post-it notes or filing cards to organize all your findings into categories.
Move them around if you decide that a they fit better under different headings, or b you need to establish new topic headings. Write the body of the paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
Look at what you have written; focus on analysis, not description. Look at the First essay in english literature sentences of each paragraph. If you were to read only these sentences, would you find that your paper presented a clear position, logically developed, from beginning to end? This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews.
So if your paper still does not appear to be defined by a central, guiding concept, or if it does not critically analyse the literature selected, then you should make a new outline based on what you have said in each section and paragraph of the paper, and decide whether you need to add information, to delete off-topic information, or to re-structure the paper entirely.
For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.
He suggests that the physical environment in the more public spaces of the building did not have much impact on their perceptions. Neither the layout of the building, nor the activities available seem to make much difference.
If people have no choices or think that they have none, they become depressed. After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence.
Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.
Revising and Editing Your Work Read your work out loud. That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear.
Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.
In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities. Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
If you are uncertain which style to use, ask your professor. Check to make sure that you have not plagiarized either by failing to cite a source of information, or by using words quoted directly from a source.
Usually if you take three or more words directly from another source, you should put those words within quotation marks, and cite the page.
Text should be written in a clear and concise academic style; it should not be descriptive in nature or use the language of everyday speech. There should be no grammatical or spelling errors. Sentences should flow smoothly and logically.
In a paper in the sciences, or in some of the social sciences, the use of subheadings to organize the review is recommended.r-bridal.com Make your next essay a top grade! 1 The basics, in a ˝nutshell ˛ With luck, your essay title will have been given to you in the form of a question (e.g.
˝How doesMcEwan create a sense of. Barbara L. Murphy has taught English Literature and Composition for more than 20 r-bridal.com is consultant for the College Board’s AP English Literature and Composition and its Building for Success divisions.
Murphy is co-author of Writing the Advanced Placement English Essay. American Litearture AP English Literature Close Reading Fractured Fairy Tales High School English Reading Short Story The Simpsons.
Day one handout. Speed Dating Prompts. speed-dating-directions. Day two handout 1.
Day two handout 2 The above material is from October Philippine literature in English has its roots in the efforts of the United States, then engaged in a war with Filipino nationalist forces at the end of the 19th century. By , public education was institutionalized in the Philippines, with English serving as the medium of r-bridal.com year, around educators in the S.S.
Thomas (the . The first section, on the use of articles in English (a/an/the), has a video story and a series of exercises.
You can choose to do the easier exercises, where gaps for missing articles are indicated, or the harder exercises, where no gaps are indicated. Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in .