This theory was originally developed by Fiedler after studying various leaders in different contexts, but predominantly military. Contingency theory inadvertently assumes that styles are behaviors that cannot be influenced or modified. Situations defined by Contingency Theory These three factors are Leader-Member Relation — It is a measure of leadership acceptance between the organizational hierarchies. There are clear guidelines to follow and progressed can be easily tracked.
Abstract Context Numerous policy and research reports call for leadership to build quality work environments, implement new models of care, and bring health and wellbeing to an exhausted and stretched nursing workforce.
Rarely do they indicate how leadership should be enacted, or examine whether some forms of leadership may lead to negative outcomes. We aimed to examine the relationships between various styles of leadership and outcomes for the nursing workforce and their work environments.
Methods The search strategy of this multidisciplinary systematic review included 10 electronic databases. Published, quantitative studies that examined leadership behaviours and outcomes for nurses and organizations were included.
Quality assessments, data extractions and analysis were completed on all included studies. Findings 34, titles and abstracts were screened resulting in 53 included studies.
Using content analysis, 64 outcomes were grouped into five categories: Distinctive patterns between relational and task focused leadership styles and their outcomes for nurses and their work environments emerged from our analysis.
For example, 24 studies reported that leadership styles focused on people and relationships transformational, resonant, supportive, and consideration were associated with higher nurse job satisfaction, whereas 10 studies found that leadership styles focused on tasks dissonant, instrumental and management by exception were associated with lower nurse job satisfaction.
Similar trends were found for each category of outcomes.
Conclusion Our results document evidence of various forms of leadership and their differential effects on the nursing workforce and work environments. Leadership focused on task completion alone is not sufficient to achieve optimum outcomes for the nursing workforce.
Efforts by organizations and individuals to encourage and develop transformational and relational leadership are needed to enhance nurse satisfaction, recruitment, retention, and healthy work environments, particularly in this current and worsening nursing shortage.
Previous article in issue.LEADE RSH I P STYLES Theory X and Theory Y In a classic study, McGregor discussed two leadership styles, Theory X and Theory Y, which are appropriate.
Leadership & Management Skills for Women Discover fresh ideas and new techniques to influence, motivate and mentor others. This paper discusses two leadership styles and identifies the most effective leadership that suits the philosophy of nursing leadership.
In addition, the paper compares and contrasts leadership and management. The two main leadership styles discussed in this paper are autocratic and democratic leadership styles.
The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning * November 39 Leadership Styles and Organization Structural Configurations Dr. Sea-Shon Chen, Associate professor of Dahan Institute of Technology. The leadership styles to exercise the authority which leadership style will be adopt to be in the market and the existing policies and practices because of the members understanding will also be changed and the structure of the organization might be change as well.
International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 4 No.
4; April 1 Leadership Styles: The Power to Influence Others.