View abstract View article PDF The potential impacts of climate change on crop productivity are of widespread interest to those concerned with addressing climate change and improving global food security. Two common approaches to assess these impacts are process-based simulation models, which attempt to represent key dynamic processes affecting crop yields, and statistical models, which estimate functional relationships between historical observations of weather and yields. Examples of both approaches are increasingly found in the scientific literature, although often published in different disciplinary journals. Here we compare published sensitivities to changes in temperature, precipitation, carbon dioxide CO 2and ozone from each approach for the subset of crops, locations, and climate scenarios for which both have been applied.
Paper 1 Political Theory and Indian Politics: Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist. Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
This course is an introduction to the complexity and nuance of Political Science. It explores the political and social dynamics of choice, action, and consequence that underlie and support all political . Environmental Research Letters covers all of environmental science, providing a coherent and integrated approach including research articles, perspectives and review articles.. All content is published on an open access basis under a CC BY licence and is free to readers, funded by an article publication charge.. Submit an article. Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights. Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy — representative, participatory and deliberative.
Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt. Indian Government and Politics: Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: Principal Organs of The Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court. Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements. Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes. Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics. National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature ofthe State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies. Responses from developed and developing societies.
Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
Changing International Political Order: Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat; Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements; Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
Evolution of the International Economic System: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.Nov 17, · Breaking science news and articles on global warming, extrasolar planets, stem cells, bird flu, autism, nanotechnology, dinosaurs, evolution -- the latest discoveries.
Even students capable of writing excellent essays still find their first major political science research paper an intimidating experience.
This writing guide breaks down the research paper into its constituent parts and shows students what they need to do at each stage to successfully complete components until the paper is finished.
An ability and capacity acquired through deliberate, systematic, and sustained effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities or job functions involving ideas (cognitive skills), things (technical skills), and/or people (interpersonal skills).
See also competence. Box and Cox () developed the transformation. Estimation of any Box-Cox parameters is by maximum likelihood. Box and Cox () offered an example in which the data had the form of survival times but the underlying biological structure was of hazard rates, and the transformation identified this.
Writing a Research Paper in Political Science: A Practical Guide to Inquiry, Structure, and Methods Fourth Edition. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.