Table of Contents Analysis Sartre sought to synthesize many of his philosophical arguments with fiction. The fear and anxiety of this responsibility leads many people to ignore both their freedom and their responsibility by letting other people make their choices for them, resulting in bad faith. This is why Garcin is unable to leave the room when the door opens. Similarly, Estelle does not think that she exists unless she looks in a mirror, seeing herself as others do.
At first, none of them will admit the reason for their damnation: After arguing, they decide to confess to their crimes so they know what to expect from each other.
Joseph is constantly interrupted by his own guilt, however, and begs Estelle to tell him he is not a coward for attempting to flee his country during wartime. This causes Joseph to abruptly attempt an escape. After his trying to open the door repeatedly, it inexplicably and suddenly opens, but he is unable to bring himself to leave, and the others remain as well.
She refuses, saying that he is obviously a coward, and promising to make him miserable forever. Joseph concludes that rather than torture devices or physical punishment, "hell is other people.
As Estelle comments on the idea of their being trapped here forever and laughs too, all three join in a prolonged fit of laughter before Joseph finally concludes, "Eh bien, continuons Characters[ edit ] Joseph Garcin — His cowardice and callousness caused his young wife to die "of grief" after his execution.
He is from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and deserted during an unspecified military conflict.
He was unfaithful to his wife — he even recalls, without any sympathy, bringing home another woman one night, and his wife bringing them their morning coffee after hearing their engagement all night. In a later translation and adaptation of the play by American translator Paul BowlesGarcin is renamed Vincent Cradeau.
She is honest about the evil deeds she, Garcin, and Estelle have done. She frankly acknowledges the fact that she is a cruel person. Estelle Rigault — Estelle is a high-society woman, who married an older man for his money and had an affair with a younger man.
To her, the affair is merely an insignificant flingbut her lover becomes emotionally attached to her and she bears him a child. She drowns the child by throwing it into the lake, which drives her lover to commit suicide.
Throughout the play she tries to get at Garcin, seeking to define herself as a woman in relation to a man. Her sins are deceit and murder which also motivated a suicide. Valet — The Valet enters the room with each character, but his only real dialogue is with Garcin.
Critical reception[ edit ] The play was widely praised when it was first performed. Upon its American premiere at the Biltmore Theatrecritic Stark Young described the play as "a phenomenon of the modern theatre — played all over the continent already", in The New Republicand wrote that "It should be seen whether you like it or not.
The translation was by Margery Gerbain and Joan Swinstead.Existentialism and No Exit Jean Paul Sartre was born in Paris in One of his earliest intellectual influences was his grandfather, who was a professor of German.
Garcin Brazilian journalist of middle age. Politically leftist, he has no problem expressing himself or making a point with passion. A very intelligent man, he is attracted to Inez. But Inez despises him, and his need for her goes unrequited. Inez A lesbian. Same age as Garcin.
She is attracted to. A short summary of Jean-Paul Sartre's No Exit.
This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of No Exit. unsuccessfully tries to kill Inez, stabbing her repeatedly.
Shocked at the absurdity of his fate, Garcin concludes, "hell is other people." Take the Summary Quick Quiz. Previous Every Shakespeare Play Summed Up in a Quote. No Exit by Jean-Paul Sartre.
Home / Literature / No Exit / Analysis / This is where we remember the conclusion and essentially the point of No Exit: hell is other people. Hell is not torture chambers, flames, (as seen from the paper knife incident in the final moments of the play), and from what we can tell no one needs to eat, use the.
In No Exit, Sartre pushes this idea to its extreme, showing how the torture of looking back on our past is a form of Hell, particularly when we fail to choose an act when the opportunity presents itself.
If man is alive, he can always choose to rearrange his life, but when he dies, the lifelong events are frozen into a mold which can never be. NO EXIT AND THREE OTHER PLAYS BY JEAN PAUL SARTRE NO EXIT (Huis Clos) THE FLIES (Les Mouches) translated from the French by Stuart Gilbert (Huis Clos) – A PLAY IN ONE ACT CHARACTERS IN THE PLAY VALET GARCIN ESTELLE INEZ Huis Clos (No Exit) was presented for the first time at the Theatre du Vieux-Colombier, .